Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that attacks the body's central nervous system. Yet diagnosing MS isn't an easy task for a physician. In order to rule out other possible diagnoses, patients must exhibit evidence of damage in at least two separate areas of the central nervous system which had occurred at least one month apart.

The immune system of MS patients mistakenly attacks difference parts of their bodies. The natural covering of their nerve cells become damaged, and can possibly lead to diminished functioning in the optic nerve, the spinal cord, and even the brain.

While researches have discovered that while MS isn't necessarily an inherited disease, if a person has a close relation with MS, they may have a higher chance of developing the disease.

Multiple Sclerosis has been diagnosed in over two million people around the world, yet no two MS patients are the same. Neither do they experience the same symptoms, because MS is unpredictable and affects people in different ways.

Progress is being made with new treatments that can change the world for people with MS. Today, people diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS have various options, all approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, to slow the progression of MS, prevent relapse and help people with the disease live more active lives. It’s very different from just 20 years ago, when no treatments were available.

Common Symptoms of MS
About eighty percent of the people in early stages of MS experience unexplained fatigue and weakness. But there are other signs that could signal MS.

Vision Problems
MS patients often experience blurry sight or pain when they look up and down or from side to side.

Tingling and Numbness
Tingling can be a result of the brain sending conflicting signals around the body. Conversely, numbness in the face and extremities results when the brain stops sending any signals.

Pain and Spasms
Fifty percent of the people suffering from MS experience muscle stiffness in the joints or jerking movements of the extremities. Back pain is also common.

Balance Problems and Dizziness
Often referred to as gait problems, people with MS often feel lightheaded and dizzy.